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Islands in the Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean has some of the world's most entrancing islands. Picture azure blue seas and white sands, hot sunny days, tropical palms and deep-sea fishing and many people's thoughts will turn to classic holiday scenes from Mauritius or the Seychelles.

The Indian Ocean has a wide range of geographical and cultural variations. It ranges from Africa to Australia, from Antarctica to India. The cultures and races that border the Indian Ocean vary enormously: what we see today is an intriguing mix that has resulted from thousands of years of migration. For example, Madagascar is commonly regarded as an 'African island' but many of its inhabitants are descended from sea migrants who came from what is now Indonesia. The Arabs investigated islands as far south as the Seychelles in the 6th Century but modern inhabitants are mainly African. Mauritius, on the other hand, is largely populated with people from the Indian sub-continent whose ancestors moved there as subjects of the British Empire. Further north, the Egyptian coastline offers its own attractions.

The diversity is also seen in the plants and animals found on the islands. many have unique species, some - such as the Dodo, a large flightless bird native to mauritius - now extinct because of human intervention. makes minimal use of cookies, including some placed to facilitate features such as Google Search. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to the use of cookies. Learn more here

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