Anything butwork.com
Custom Search

At-risk Youth: A Comprehensive Response for Counselors, Teachers, Psychologists and Human Services Professionals

At-risk Youth: A Comprehensive Response for Counselors, Teachers, Psychologists and Human Services Professionals
by J. Jeffries McWhirter, Benedict T. McWhirter, Ellen Hawley McWhirter and Robert J. McWhirter.
  Youth who are at risk is a major concern within society.To help prepare students this book provides conceptual and practical informationon on key issues and problems. Prevention and intervention techniques are described in the book to help students and professionals perform their jobs successsfully and to improve the lives of those youth at risk.
  More information and prices from:
Amazon.com - US dollars
Amazon.ca - Canadian dollars
Amazon.co.uk - British pounds
Amazon.de - Euros
Amazon.fr - Euros

Children and Parents' Antisocial Behavior

Updated September 2008 - Recent research from the University of Chicago published in the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology found that a mother's parenting style and a baby's temperament in the first year of life can reliably predict subsequent behavioral problems.

Researchers studied just over 1800 children aged 4-13 years. Maternal ratings of their temperament in the first year included activity levels, how "fearful, predictable and fussy" they were, and whether they had a generally happy disposition. Researchers also took into account the degree to which mothers stimulated their baby intellectually, were responsive to their demands, and used physical restraint or punishment. The definition of conduct problems in later childhood included "cheating, telling lies, trouble getting on with teachers, being disobedient at home and/or at school, bullying and showing no remorse after misbehaving".

Researchers found that both maternal ratings and parenting styles during the first year were reliable predictors of subsequent conduct problems. Less fussy, more predictable infants, and those who were more intellectually stimulated by their mothers were at low risk. Early spanking was associated with challenging behavior in European American families but not in Hispanic families.

The researchers concluded:

"Interventions focusing on parenting during the first year of life would be beneficial in preventing future child conduct problems.…Greater emphasis should be placed on increasing maternal cognitive stimulation of infants in such early intervention programs, taking child temperament into consideration."

Last year, a study by researchers at the University of California, Davis, and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, published in the journal Child Development found that children raised in antisocial families are more likely to be antisocial themselves. In considering possible mechanisms, this study assessed the effect of young peoples' perceptions of antisocial behaviour by their parents.

Partly funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and the National Institute of Mental Health, researchers studied 430 adolescents during high school years, together with their parents, specifically looking at levels of antisocial behaviour in both generations and adolescent perceptions. Antisocial behavior was considered in the context of substance use, reckless conduct and illegality, conflict and lying.

The study explored whether adolescent antisocial behavior could be explained by perceptions of their parents as antisocial, as well as by poor parenting as evidenced by factors such as lack of monitoring, hostility, and inconsistent discipline. They concluded that adolescent antisocial behavior was learned by observing and interpreting examples set by parents. Researchers suggest that parental models may validate antisocial behaviour in the next generation. Recognition of parental antisocial behavior was found to be a significant risk factor for similar conduct, more important than the teens' assessment of their parents' parenting abilities.

The study found no gender effect; antisocial behavior by either parent had the same impact on development of similar behaviour in male and female offspring. Researchers found that the strongest influence on a child's antisocial behavior in 12th grade was their level of behavior in 9th grade, suggesting a degree of stability in adolescent antisocial behavior with processes becoming established at an early stage.

Shannon J. Dogan, lead author and a research assistant at the University of California, Davis said:

"These findings suggest that focusing on how children perceive mom and dad's behavior and the origin of these perceptions could facilitate family-centered interventions designed to reduce the risk for problem behaviour. Further, identifying antisocial parents would assist in early identification of at-risk families. Interventions that reduce parental antisocial behavior and improve parenting practices should also reduce levels of problem behavior among teens."

Related articles

  • Childhood Violence Perpetuates Into Adulthood
    Victims of violence in childhood are more likely to continue the pattern in adulthood, either as victims or perpetrators.
  • Adolescent Anger Management - Some Practical Texts
    Anger Management - an overused phrase that often provokes more anger than management. Anyone working with angry adolescents rapidly realizes that while attention may be on the consequences - damage, disruption, violence to self and others - anger won't be resolved unless underlying issues are listened to and addressed if possible.
  • Girl Talk Heightens Anxiety
    Excessive discussion about problems with friends (co-rumination) may have a negative impact on emotional adjustment in girls who are more likely than boys of the same age to develop anxiety and depression as a result.
  • Links Between Teenage And Domestic Violence
    Adolescents who engaged in violent behavior relatively regularly throughout their teenage years or who began in their mid teens and increased with time were significantly more likely to perpetrate domestic violence in their mid 20s.
  • Managing Teen Emotions
    Teenagers can learn to manage powerful emotions and gain insight into the processes involved.
  • Evening-preference and Adolescent Problems
    New research suggests that early adolescents who prefer evening to morning activities are more likely to exhibit antisocial behavior. Previous studies focusing on older adolescents showed a similar link with psychological problems.
  • Contraception More Effective Than Abstinence
    Findings indicate that promotion of abstinence is insufficient by itself to help adolescents prevent unplanned pregnancies.
  • Street Robbers Want More Than Money
    New research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) reveals complex motivations behind street robbery in the UK. Rather than being simply an acquisitive crime, it commonly reflects a damaged sense of self in the perpetrator resulting in a need for violence or revenge, or to increase status among peers.
  • Treating Homeless Young People Produces Results
    Innovative new research to establish the best ways of engaging with homeless young people who are without parents or carers has found that a comprehensive intervention program can dramatically improve their mental health and life circumstances.
  • Teenage Substance Misuse: What Parents Do And Don't Know
    Research from the Research Institute on Addictions (RIA) at the University of Buffalo published in the Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse found that the majority of parents could accurately evaluate their teenagers' cigarette smoking and substance use but were less aware of marijuana and alcohol use.

Anger Control Training

Anger Control Training
by Emma Williams and Rebecca Kelly
  This three-volume training manual addresses the need for a practical and easily accessible guide for professionals working with people presenting with anger problems. It is intended for use by psychologists, OTs, psychiatric nurses, probation officers, psychiatrists, social workers and teachers. This training manual offers a wealth of photocopiable material, including client handouts and facilitators guides. The appendices contain materials for role-play and relaxation. "Anger Control Training" is a comprehensive programme using a cognitive-behavioural approach and designed for the professional to help people change their thoughts, feelings and behaviour.
  More information and prices from:
Amazon.co.uk - British pounds
Amazon.com - US dollars
Amazon.ca - Canadian dollars
Amazon.de - Euros
Amazon.fr - Euros




Anythingbutwork.com makes minimal use of cookies, including some placed to facilitate features such as Google Search. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to the use of cookies. Learn more here

Contact
Linked sites
Privacy Policy
Visit Europe
Garden Guide
British Isles
City Visit Guide
Job Skills
Copyright © 2006-2017 Alan Price and AnythingButWork.com contributors. All rights reserved.